Trees are vital for the health of all living species on the planet. They are home to about 80% of the globe’s terrestrial biodiversity, filter water, and clean the air in the environment. In addition, forests provide jobs to more than 1.6 billion people on the earth, and they absorb harmful carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Moreover, their benefits do not stop here. They are the source of many key ingredients in about 25% of medicines on the planet. For example, you all know the popular medicine Aspirin, well, it is made from the bark of trees.
Sustainability environmental projects for reforestation
Sadly, trees are cut down daily for a number of reasons. They are reducing in number, and forests are decreasing in size. Several wild animals have lost their homes, and some of them are heading towards extinction.
There is an urgent need for everyone to understand the importance of sustainability environmental need for projects for planting trees. Every small effort can go a long way when it comes to protecting the planet and all the species that live on it.
How are trees important for human, plant, and animal life on the planet?
The following are the top three reasons why trees are indispensable for human, animal, and plant life on earth-
- Air- Do you know that trees clean the air? With their bark and leaves, they have the ability to absorb toxic pollutants and emit clean oxygen for humans to breathe. In urban areas, trees absorb gasses like ozone, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. They regularly eliminate particles like smoke and dust from the atmosphere. The surge of carbon dioxide due to the combustion of fossil fuels and deforestation traps heat in the environment. Strong and healthy trees function as sinks for carbon dioxide, and they help in reducing the adverse effects of climate change.
- Water- Trees play a vital role in capturing rainwater, thereby reducing the risks of natural disasters like landslides and floods. Their root systems that are intricate in nature function as a filter. Trees mitigate pollutants and slow down the absorption of water in the soil. This stops harmful erosion caused by water-slides and diminishes the risks of flooding and over-saturation. According to the UN Food and Agriculture Association, mature evergreen trees can intercept over 15,000 liters of water annually.
- Bio-diversity- One single tree is home to hundreds of fungi, insects, moss, plants, and mammals. The living habitats of all these species in forests are not the same. Without trees, these living species have no place of their own to call home.
Last but not least, more and more sustainability environmental projects will improve the health of humans. Trees give humans oxygen to breathe. Cutting down trees means the supply of natural oxygen will decrease. As a result, there will be more respiratory issues as toxic gases will linger in the air. Therefore, when it comes to the protection of mankind, wildlife, and the planet in totality, it is important not only to plant trees and naturally conserve forests to protect the environment.